Damages of early marriage
Which continent has the highest rates of early marriage in the world?
Early marriage is defined as the marriage of the girl or boy before the age of 18 years, and this term also refers to both formal marriages and informal relationships, in which children under the age of 18 years live with a life partner as if they were married, and early marriage has many effects on both girls. And boys, but it affects girls significantly, especially in South Asia; As it has the highest rates of early marriage in the world.
It has been reported that 45% of women between the ages of 20 and 24 had married before the age of 18, and approximately one in five girls were married before the age of 15, In many cases, early marriage violates a number of children’s rights, such as education, and exposes them to a great risk of violence, exploitation, and abuse, and in this article, we will talk about the harms of early marriage.
Damages of early marriage Does early marriage affect the cognitive development of girls? As previously mentioned, early marriage occurs all over the world, but it is mainly observed in South Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and the damages of early marriage can be clearly seen in it.
Early marriage directly affects girls ’education, their physical health, their mental health, and the health of their children.
It also increases the risk of depression, as well as infection with sexually transmitted diseases, and early marriage increases the risk of developing cervical cancer, malaria, and fistula. Forcing girls to stay in school is one of the most effective ways to avoid the harms of early marriage, and to reduce its occurrence.
According to the World Health Organization, among the harms of early marriage are the following:
Violation of girls ’rights Why is early marriage considered a violation of girls’ rights? Early marriage affects girls more, and although no girl should be taken from her childhood, education, health, and aspirations, millions of girls are deprived of their rights every year when they are married as child brides, and when this happens, early marriage steals their future; Girls lose their opportunity in education, and they lose their opportunity to choose their partner as well.
According to the World Health Organization, early marriage is a violation of girls ’rights for the following reasons:
- Early marriage effectively ends their education.
- It prevents them from having an opportunity to gain professional and life skills.
- It exposes them to the risks of early pregnancy.
- He forces them to conceive and motherhood before he is physically and psychologically ready. The risk of sexual violence increases.
- The risk of getting HIV increases.
The risk of early pregnancy:
Early marriage increases the risk of early pregnancy and premature labor significantly and increases the risk of children born from this pregnancy being exposed to health problems, and according to the United Nations, complications from pregnancy and childbirth are the main cause of death for girls between the ages of 15 and 19 years.
Under the age of 20, compared to women who became pregnant in their 20s. Violence is common in early marriage Exposure to violence is one of the most important harms of early marriage, and although some fathers believe that early marriage will protect their daughters from sexual violence, the opposite is often true, according to United Nations studies.
Before the age of 18 years, there is a greater risk of becoming victims of their partner’s violence, than girls who marry at an older age, and this is especially true and clear when the age gap between the girl and the husband is large, and the problem in early marriage is large that young girls are incapable.
They also lack the resources, or legal and social support, to leave an abusive or violent marriage.